A “black panther” is not its own species—it’s an umbrella term that refers to any big cat with a black coat.
The condition is caused by the agouti gene, which regulates the distribution of black pigment within the hair shaft, according to the University of California, Davis. It’s most well known in leopards, which live in Asia and Africa, and jaguars, inhabitants of South America. (Domestic cat lovers might be interested to know the agouti gene doesn’t cause black fur in house cats.)
Read more… Whats a Black Panther, Really?.